German citizenship: nuances and advantages
Actually, there are no significant differences between the permanent residence permit (Aufenthaltsgestattung) and the German citizenship, apart from the fact that you have the right to vote. A pleasant bonus will be the possibility of visa-free entry to many European countries. For many, however, it is important to feel that you can be included in German society by having a German passport. But let us get through this from the beginning. There are several stages to come before obtaining German citizenship.
These are usually followed by one another in an unbroken sequence:
- Entering the country on a National visa;
- Obtaining a temporary residence permit;
- Obtaining a Permanent Residence Permit.
Of course, there are certain conditions for obtaining the appropriate permit. Often they include an employment contract and, eventually, the Blue Card. However, marriage to a German, sole entrepreneurship or study at a German university may also be prerequisites for obtaining a residence visa and a permanent residence permit. In all cases, obtaining citizenship must be preceded by the long-term residence in Germany.
Who can obtain a German passport?
Foreigners living in Germany can become German citizens if they fulfil a number of conditions. In general, these requirements include a long period of legal residence in Germany, a certain level of language skills and an understanding of life in German society. Let us consider these requirements in more detail.
Persons who are eligible for citizenship are those who:
1.Have been legally residing in Germany for:
- 8 years;
- 7 years if they have completed an integration course;
- 6 years with a language proficiency higher than B1;
- 3 years if 2 of them have been legally married or in a domestic partnership to a German passport holder.
2.Have an identity card and citizenship of their country.
3.Strictly obey the law, do not belong to any extremist organizations and do not support terrorist acts.
4.Have a residence permit (a permanent residence permit) in Germany.
5.Are citizens of the European Union or Switzerland.
6.Do not receive benefits in the form of Job seeker’s allowance or social assistance from the state. This also applies to the rest of the family.
7.Have no criminal record.
8.Confirmed their knowledge of German at least at level B1 and have the appropriate certificate.
9.Have the knowledge of the rules of German society (have passed the citizenship test).
Double citizenship in the territory of the FRG
If you plan to become a German citizen, be prepared to put an end to your country’s passport. The law definitely provides for exceptions to this rule in clearly defined cases. So can you have another citizenship in addition to your German one? Let’s have a good look at this question.
Multiple citizenship on the territory of Germany is allowed in the following cases:
- If one parent is German and the other is the citizen of another country, their child automatically acquires both nationalities at birth.
- Ethnic German returnees have the right to retain their former citizenship after receiving the appropriate certificate. In this case, their children born in Germany receive both German and their parents’ citizenship at birth.
- If a German citizen applies for double citizenship, he or she can acquire the foreign citizenship without giving up his or her own.
- In view of increasing European integration, EU citizens may not have to renounce their citizenship by obtaining German citizenship, and Germans may retain theirs by obtaining a second one as well.
Multiple citizenship obtained for one of the reasons mentioned above is usually passed on from parents to children and is retained. However, persons holding it may renounce their German nationality, as stated in Section 26 of the Nationality Act.
Despite the loyal attitude towards multiple citizenship, immigrants who obtain a German passport are forbidden by the state to retain their previous one. German law thus tries to prevent the creation of multiple citizenship through naturalization, but provides for special cases. To do so, the local naturalization authority must be contacted.
Rights of citizens
Persons who have a foreign citizenship in addition to their German one have the equal rights as all other German citizens in the FRG. In addition, they have the rights as citizens of their own country that are specified by law for such cases.
Also it should be noted that German embassies or consulates in other countries can only offer limited protection to people with dual nationality because they are primarily regarded and treated as citizens of their own country in the other country of their citizenship.
Our managers can answer all your questions about obtaining a residence permit, a permanent residence permit and, subsequently, a German passport. Often, to avoid long waits and repeating the same steps over and over again, it is better to entrust the work to the experienced specialists who would make your move and adaptation faster and more comfortable.